Sikkim

Sikkim

Sikkim is situated in the eastern Himalayas. Spread below the Mount Khanchendzonga at 8534 mts, the third highest mountain in the world, revered by the Sikkimese as their protective deity. With an area of 7,300 sq kms and measuring approx. 114 kms from the north to south and 64 kms from east to west, the elevation ranges from 300 mts to over 8540 mts above sea level. Amidst the grandeur of the mountain peaks, lush valleys, fast flowing rivers, hills, Sikkim offers her visitors a rare and singular experience. Within a matter of hours one can move from the sub tropical heat of the lower valleys to the cold of the rugged mountain slopes that reach up to the area of perpetual snow.

Sikkim was a kingdom for centuries before it becomes part of India about 40 years back. The tranquility of the place, its peace loving people and beautiful views of the mountains has made Sikkim one of the most attractive travel destinations of the region. The most widely accepted origin of the name Sikkim is that it is a combination of two words in the Limbu Su, which means "new", and Khyim, which means "palace" or house, in reference to the palace built by the state's first ruler, Phuntsog Namgyal. The Tibetan name for Sikkim is Denjong, which means the "valley of rice".

It is said that Buddhist saint Guru Rinpoche has passed through the land in the 8th century. The Guru is reported to have blessed the land, introduced Buddhism in Sikkim, and foretold the era of monarchy in the state that would arrive centuries later. In the 14th century, according to legend, Khye Bumsa, a prince from the Minyak House in Kham in Eastern Tibet, had a divine revelation one night instructing him to travel south to seek his fortunes. His descendants were later to form the royal family of Sikkim. In 1642, the fifth-generation descendant of Khye Bumsa, Phuntsog Namgyal, was consecrated as the first Chogyal (king) of Sikkim by the three venerated Lamas who came from the north, west and south to Yuksom, marking the beginning of the monarchy. Sikkim witness a temperate climate, with the temperatures seldom exceeding 28°C (82°F) in summer or dropping below 0°C (32°F) in winter.

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Sightseeing Places In Sikkim

Dzuluk, East Sikkim

Dzuluk

Perched on the rugged terrain of the lower Himalayas in East Sikkim at an altitude of 10100ft, Zuluk or Dzuluk

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Nathang Valley, Sikkim

Nathang Valley

At an altitude of 13500ft Nathang Valley or Gnathang Valley is popularly known as the 'Ladakh of East India'

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Rinchenpong,Sikkim

Rinchenpong

Situated in the West Sikkim about 40km from Gangtok is Rinchenpong a cool and calm hamlet popularly

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Kaluk, Sikkim

Kaluk

Nestled on the lap of Himalayan foothills in the West Sikkim is a picturesque village called Kaluk

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Katao, Sikkim

Katao

Located in North Sikkim at an altitude of 13500ft nearly 144 kilometers away from lively and warm town Gangtok is a small valley

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Borong, Sikkim

Borong

Far away from the maddening city crowd amidst the pristine nature of the south Sikkim, Borong at an altitude of 5800ft has

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Teesta Bazar, Sikkim

Teesta Bazar

Teesta Bazar is a small town located 4km downstream from the industrial town Melli on the right bank of River Teesta

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Silk Route, Sikkim

Silk Route

Over the past decade there has been several trade routes, which played a major role for the rise of international trades round

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Nathula Pass, Sikkim

Nathula

Sited at a distance of 56kms from Gangtok in Eastern Sikkim, Nathula is a mountain pass on the Indo-Chinese

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Mankhim, Sikkim

Mankhim

Perched on a hilltop above the Dalapchand village under the Rongli Sub-Division of Eastern Sikkim sited adjacent to one of

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Aritar, Sikkim

Aritar

Located on the edge of Himalayas in the East Sikkim at an altitude of 1498mt is a quaint village called Aritar

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